Do You Know Your Risk Level for Heart Disease? You are considered HIGH RISK for developing cardiovascular disease if you have one or more of the following:
- – Existing coronary heart disease (heart attack, bypass surgery, heart stents)
- – Stroke or carotid artery disease (narrow or blocked arteries that take blood to your brain)
- – Blocked arteries in your legs (Peripheral arterial disease)
- – Abdominal aortic aneurysm ( weakness in the artery in your abdomen)
- – Chronic kidney disease
- – Diabetes
- – Your personal risk factors predict a high risk of heart and vascular disease in the next 10years. This is based on the Framingham 10 year CVD Risk tool. This risk tool estimates the risk of heart disease based on age, gender, presence of diabetes, total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, smoking, and systolic blood pressure. The risk calculator can be found at http://hp2010.nhlbihin.net/atpiii/calculator.asp.
Women who are high risk for developing heart disease should be treated with lifestyle modifications and medications that are proven to reduce their risk of heart disease. The lifestyle modifications include a heart healthy diet, 150 min of moderate exercise or 75 minutes of vigorous exercise a week, and abstinence from smoking. The medications include medications that lower BP and cholesterol, control blood sugars and inhibit platelets (aspirin). They should be encouraged to attain Ideal Cardiovascular Health.
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